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In the Messianic world this is the time of year everyone gears up and begins looking to the barley, the stars, the sun, shadows, Pluto the dog, or whatever else people look to for a gauge of the beginning of the new year. We look to anything but the Pope, really. I personally look to Elohim who has instructed me to look to the barley.

Turns out, within looking to the barley there are all sorts of ways people choose to look, but that is not what this article explores; this interview with Brian Hoek of TOTW explores why it is the barley we look to. This article is built to inform you on the way several of the Scriptures in The Bible all work together to teach us how The Father keeps the Biblical New Year. Enjoy this interview with Brian Hoek from Truth on The Web. He is extremely knowledgeable and his web-site and youtube channel are full of meaningful information meant to bring you into a deeper relationship with The Father.



Q. Let’s talk about aviv barley. What does it mean for barley to be aviv?



A. The first mention of aviv in the Scripture is in Exodus 9, during the hail plague, and is reference to a stage of maturity of the barley.


Exodus 9:31-32 “And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled. But the wheat and the rye were not smitten: for they were not grown up.”

The barley was matured enough to harvest at this point, while the wheat was still in the grass stage. Please note this was no ordinary hail storm by the way.



Q. So, what does this have to do with determining the start of a Biblical new year?



A. Shortly after the hail plague they left Egypt. It was the fifteenth day of the month (Numbers 33:3), and that month was referred to as the month of Aviv:


Exodus 13:4 “This day came ye out in the month Abib.”

We know from Exodus 12:2 that this month of the Aviv is the beginning of months — that is, the first month of a new year:

Exodus 12:2 “This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.”

We know this month contains the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread, and during this festival there is the required offering of the Firstfruits of the new harvest:

Leviticus 23:10-11 “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the Firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before יהוה, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.”

How do we know this first harvest is of barley, as opposed to say, wheat?

Well, for one, recall Exodus 9:31-32 — the barley matures well ahead of wheat. We also see that same order in the book of Ruth. But 2 Samuel specifically tells us that the barley harvest occurs in the first days of the harvest:


2 Samuel 21:9 “And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before יהוה: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.”

Line upon line. The barley had to be harvest ready by Wavesheaf day. This is a major point for determining the new year.



Q. What do you mean by “harvest ready?” What stage does the barley have to be in for it to be used for Firstfruits?



A. This is an important point as well.

In Leviticus 2:14 we see that the Firstfruits offering was to consist of either parched aviv or karmel (which is fully ripened grain), so by “harvest ready,” I refer to this definition: barley that is at least aviv is harvest ready. On the other hand Nehemia Gordon and his ex-wife Devorah both make a false distinction between “aviv” and “harvest-ready” as though aviv isn’t harvest ready — that only the karmel (כרמל) stage is harvest ready. But this is not what Scripture states or illustrates. I ask of your audience to please note this well, because this is one of the issues that has led to the divide in the Aviv Camps as to the start of the year.


Leviticus 2:14 “And if thou offer a meat offering of thy Firstfruits unto יהוה, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy Firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire,even corn beaten out of full ears.”

This verse also gives a better view of understanding just what aviv is: Aviv grain is mature enough to “dry by fire” or “parch.” The heads must have substance to be able to be made into flour for the offering.



Q. How is barley used during the day of Firstfruits?



A. The harvest begins with the cutting of the omer. An omer, which is a dry measure of about 2.3 liters, of barley is cut and prepared for the Firstfruitss offering.

This is another very important point. The question over when the barley can be harvested is at the heart of the aviv divide. This is something the body needs to understand.

Prior to March of 2016, the Gordons had taught that the harvest of the barley could not begin prior to the Wavesheaf, that is, the day of the omer offering (which occurs on the Sunday during Unleavened Bread) But in early March of 2016, they presented a new and different view: that folks can harvest whenever, as the only restriction is that you cannot eat of it until Wavesheaf day (Leviticus 23:14).

I surveyed a slough of historic Judaica and didn’t find a single example that matched this new view they presented. The normative practice of the jewish patriarchs of the past, and today was that the harvest could not begin until Wavesheaf day, and that the omer was to consist of the first harvested stalks of barley.


Leviticus 23:10-11 “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the Firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before יהוה, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.”

Deuteronomy 16:9 “Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.”

More importantly, brethren in Messiah, give utmost consideration to what the omer offering/Firstfruits pointed to:

1 Corinthians 15:20-24 “But now is Messiah risen from the dead, and become the Firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Messiah shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Messiah the Firstfruits; afterward they that are Messiah’s at His coming. Then cometh the end, when He shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when He shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.”

Paul relates the resurrection of Messiah to His being the Firstfruits offering. In the “reality” (Messiah) of the yearly shadow, we find that He was not harvested before Wavesheaf offering day, nor was any of the rest of the harvest. He is the Firstfruits from the dead, and no one has gone before Him.

As in the reality, so in the shadow: The harvest does not begin until Wavesheaf Day, and it begins with the Firstfruits!

Q. How then does the barley’s state of being aviv effect what new moon Yeshua’s army starts the year?

Simply, if the barley harvest would be ready to start by the potential Wavesheaf Day of the potential first month, then the new moon of that month marks the start of a new year.

I know this is different from what many have been taught. The Gordons’ teachings have been the basis for many peoples’ understanding of the “Aviv Calendar.” I appreciate that they spread word that we should look to the barley, but regrettably, false concepts were also spread:

* The barley must be aviv the twelfth month
* The barley must be karmel by Wavesheaf
* The barley can be harvested before Wavesheaf

The Scripture does not teach any of these man-made rules — in fact, it illustrates the opposite – in Exodus, in Leviticus, in Joshua, in Ruth



Q. That leads to an important question: how does Joshua’s coming into the promised land on the same day that the Savior’s children entered and left the land of Egypt play into this?



A. Joshua 5 is an important section of Scripture for establishing the correct understanding of when the Wavesheaf day is — the ancient debate over the meaning of “mimacharat haShabbat” (“the morrow of the Sabbath”) in Leviticus 23.

Joshua 5 gives us the fulfillment of Leviticus 23:10-14.

“When you come into the land…and reap the harvest thereof…” — Joshua brought them into the land, and they reaped the harvest.

No, we don’t directly read of the children of Israel harvesting the barley, nor do we directly read of them bringing an omer of it to the priest, or of the priest waving it on their behalf. But, we do read that they ate the produce of the land on the fifteenth day of the first month, the month of the Aviv:


Joshua 5:10-11 “The children of Israel encamped in Gilgal; and they kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho. They ate of the produce of the land on the next day after the Passover, unleavened cakes and parched grain, in the same day.”

This could not be done until the Firstfruits/Wavesheaf was offered:

Leviticus 23:14 “You shall eat neither bread, nor parched grain, nor fresh grain, until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God. This is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.”

Please note that the grain they were eating on the fifteenth of Aviv was parched — this means it was aviv stage barley. If it was aviv on the fifteenth, then it was not aviv in the twelfth month, over two weeks earlier. Contrast this with the Karaite’s rule.



Q. What about Boaz and Ruth’s meeting one another?

A. In the book of Ruth, we find Ruth coming to Bethlehem in the beginning of the barley harvest:

Ruth 1:22 “So Naomi returned and Ruth the Moabitess her daughter in law with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest”.

Ruth is given permission to glean barley in Boaz’s field. Boaz had her join him during a meal and he presented her parched barley:”

Ruth 2:14 “And Boaz said unto her at mealtime “Come thou hither and eat of the bread and dip thy morsel in the vinegar.” And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left.”

What stage of barley is parched? Aviv.



Q. So many brethren missed the first month this year due to the misinformation, and with it, they missed Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. What about the second Passover?



A. The second Passover has been a misplaced crutch for many this year, as it was in 2016. What I mean is, due to the confusion many threw up their hands and said, “Well, at least there’s a second Passover” as if that somehow bandages the issue. It doesn’t.

First of all, let’s read it:


Numbers 9:1-13 “And יהוה spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, “Let the children of Israel also keep the Passover at His appointed season. In the fourteenth day of this month, at even ye shall keep it in His appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof shall ye keep it.” And Moses spake unto the children of Israel that they should keep the Passover. And they kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that יהוה commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel. And there were certain men who were defiled by the dead body of a man, that they could not keep the Passover on that day: and they came before Moses and before Aaron on that day: And those men said unto him, “We are defiled by the dead body of a man: wherefore are we kept back, that we may not offer an offering of יהוה in his appointed season among the children of Israel?” And Moses said unto them, “Stand still and I will hear what יהוה will command concerning you.” And יהוה spake unto Moses, saying, “Speak unto the children of Israel saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off yet he shall keep the Passover unto יהוה. The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the Passover they shall keep it. But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and forbeareth to keep the Passover, even the same soul shall be cut off from among his people: because he brought not the offering of יהוה in His appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.”

These folks today are not looking to keep a second Passover because of “defilement by a dead body” or by being “in a journey far off.” They are clean, and are not in a journey. Numbers 9 does not apply.

They are confused and seeking a safety net.

Now, even if the “safety net” were in play for Passover, the fact is that there is no such contingency for Pentecost, Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, or Shemini Atzeret.



Q. Are there any other questions you would like to address? If you would like to add anything more please do so now.



That’s the interview folks. I say a big thank you and pray The Savior’s blessing over Brian for His work in gathering accurate information that aids all of us in learning who The Savior is. From faith to faith, grow, learn, share in The Savior.

Author: Brian C. Hoeck; Co-Author: TJ Griffin

Check more information and dive deeper:

Brian Hoeck’s Ministry’s Web-Site

The Final Barley Report by TOTW  2019

The Report Posted The Day After Aviv Was Found 2019

A Video That Dives More Deeply Into Several Topics That Surround The New Year!

Here are the web sites to other searchers, and search watchmen and women on either side of the divide:

Devorah’s Date Tree

Nehemiah’s Wall


Yaweh’s Restoration Ministries

Abib of God

In ישוע (Yeshua)